Professor Dan Sievenpiper Dissertation

Daniel F. Sievenpiper

Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering

Faculty, Calit2




Novel electromagnetic media including nonlinear and active metasurfaces and other periodic structures for radio through optical frequency applications

Professor Sievenpiper's research is focused on novel structures for controlling the interaction between electromagnetic waves and matter ranging from radio to optical frequencies. Periodic structures such as metasurfaces provide a medium for incorporating nonlinear or active circuit elements for applications such as antenna isolation, scattering control, improved absorption, and bandwidth enhancement for microwave structures. They can also enable extreme electric field enhancement for photoemission based microelectronic and plasmonic devices. Specific techniques include mathematics for arbitrary anisotropic impedance surface patterning, nonlinear or non-Foster based active materials, and nano-scale periodic structures for new optical effects. We also develop small broadband antennas, and new devices for biological applications of electromagnetics.

Capsule Bio:

Professor Dan Sievenpiper joined the UC San Diego faculty in 2010. He received his BS in 1994 and his PhD in 1999 from UCLA, where he studied photonic crystals and other periodic structures, and invented the high impedance electromagnetic surface. Dan joined HRL (the former Hughes Research Laboratories) in Malibu, CA in 1999. During the following 11 years, he and his team developed new electromagnetic structures, with an emphasis on small, conformal, tunable, and steerable antennas. Dan held a variety of technical and management positions at HRL including Director of the Applied Electromagnetics Laboratory. In 2010 he joined UC San Diego, where his research is focused on artificial media, and the integration of active electronics with electromagnetic structures and antennas to enable new capabilities and applications. In 2008, Dan received the URSI Issac Koga Gold Medal, and also the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Piergiorgio Uslenghi Letters Prize Paper Award. In 2009, he was named as a Fellow of the IEEE. Since 2010, Dan has served as an associate editor of IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. He also served as the chair of the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society Administrative Committee on New Technology Directions from 2012-2015. Dan has more than 70 issued patents and more than 100 publications.

Selected Publications:

Google Scholar Publications

Publications

Journal Articles

Conference Papers

Book Chapters

Review Articles

Issued U.S. Patents

Accolades

Theses


Journal Articles

Z. Luo, X. Chen, R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Nonlinear Power Dependent Impedance Surface", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 1736-1745, 2015 DOI

E. Forati, S. Piltan, D. Sievenpiper, “On the difference between breakdown and quench voltages of argon plasma and its relation to 4p-4s atomic state transitions”, Applied Physics Letters 106, 054101, 2015 DOI

R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Non-Scattering Waveguides Based on Tensor Impedance Surfaces", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 1746-1755, 2015 DOI

J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "A Compact Broadband Dual Polarized Patch Antenna for Satellite Communication/Navigation Applications", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 273-276, 2015 DOI

J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "Stable Multiple Non-Foster Circuits Loaded Waveguide for Broadband Non-Dispersive Fast-Wave Propagation", Electronics Letters, vol. 50, no. 23, pp. 1708-1710, 2014 DOI

F. Gao, F. Zhang, J. Long, M. Jacob, D. Sievenpiper, "Non-Dispersive Tunable Reflection Phase Shifter Based on Non-Foster Circuits", Electronics Letters, vol. 50, no 22. pp. 1616-1618, 2014 DOI

M. Jacob, J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "Non-Foster Loaded Parasitic Array for Broadband Steerable Patterns", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62 , no. 12, pp. 6081 - 6090, 2014 DOI

R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Surface Wave Scattering Reduction Using Beam Shifters", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 13, pp. 4143-4152, 2014 DOI

R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Broadband Unit Cell Design for Highly-Anisotropic Impedance Surfaces", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 963-966, 2014 DOI

J. Long, M. Jacob, D. Sievenpiper, "Broadband Fast Wave Propagation in an Non-Foster Circuit Loaded Waveguide", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 789-798, April 2014 DOI

M. Huang, S. Yang. F. Gao, R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "A 2D Multi-Beam Half Maxwell Fish-Eye Lens Antenna Using High Impedance Surfaces", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol.13, pp.365-368, February 2014 DOI

F. Gao, F. Zhang, M. Huang, D. Sievenpiper, "Programmable Screen for Patterning Magnetic Fields", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol.62, no.3, pp.481-490, March 2014 DOI

S. Kim, D. Sievenpiper, “Theoretical Limitations for TM Surface Wave Attenuation by Lossy Coatings on Conductive Surfaces”, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.62, no.1, pp.475-480, January 2014 DOI

H. Wakatsuchi, S. Kim, J. J. Rushton, D. Sievenpiper, “Waveform-Dependent Absorbing Metasurfaces”, Physical Review Letters 111, 245501, December 2013 DOI

H. Wakatsuchi, J. J. Rushton, J. Lee, F. Gao, M. Jacob, S. Kim, D. F. Sievenpiper, “Experimental Demonstration of Nonlinear Waveform-Dependent Metasurface Absorber with Pulsed Signals”, Electronics Letters, vol. 49, no. 24, pp. 1530-1531, November 2013 DOI

R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Artificial Tensor Impedance Surface Waveguides", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 61, pp. 3597-3606, 2013 DOI

H. Wakatsuchi, S. Kim, J. Rushton, D. Sievenpiper, "Circuit-based nonlinear metasurface absorbers for high power surface currents", Applied Physics Letters 102, 214103, 2013 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, “Nonlinear Grounded Metasurfaces for Suppression of High-Power Pulsed RF Currents”, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 11, pp. 1516-1519, January 2012 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, D. Dawson, M. Jacob, T. Kanar, S. Kim, J. Long, R. Quarfoth, "Experimental Validation of Performance Limits and Design Guidelines for Small Antennas", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 8-19, January 2012 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, "Superluminal Waveguides Based on Non-Foster Circuits for Broadband Leaky-Wave Antennas", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol 10, pp. 231-234, 2011 DOI

Fong, B.H.; Colburn, J.S.; Ottusch, J.J.; Visher, J.L.; Sievenpiper, D.F.; , "Scalar and Tensor Holographic Artificial Impedance Surfaces," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.58, no.10, pp.3212-3221, Oct. 2010 DOI

H.J. Song, T.Y. Hsu, D. Sievenpiper, H.P. Hsu, E. Yasan, “A Method for Improving the Efficiency of Transparent Film Antennas”, Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol.7, pp. 753-756, October 2008 DOI

R. Broas, D. Sievenpiper, E. Yablonovitch, “An application of High-Impedance Ground Planes to Phased Array Antennas”, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1377-1381, April 2005 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, "Forward and Backward Leaky Wave Radiation with Large Effective Aperture from an Electronically Tunable Textured Surface", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 236-247, January 2005 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, H. Hsu, R. Riley, "Low-Profile Cavity-Backed Crossed-Slot Antenna With a Single Probe Feed, Designed for 2.34 GHz Satellite Radio Applications", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 873-879, March 2004 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, J. Schaffner, H. Song, R. Loo, G. Tangonan, "Two-Dimensional Beam Steering Using an Electrically Tunable Impedance Surface", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, special issue on metamaterials, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 2713-2722, October 2003 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, J. Schaffner, J. J. Lee, S. Livingston, "A Steerable Leaky Wave Antenna Using a Tunable Impedance Ground Plane", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 1, pp. 179-182, 2002 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, J. Schaffner, J. Navarro, "Axial Ratio Improvement in Aperture Antennas Using a High-Impedance Ground Plane", Electronics Letters, vol. 38, no. 23, pp. 1411-1412, November, 2002 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, J. Schaffner, "Beam Steering Microwave Reflector Based on an Electrically Tunable Impedance Surface", Electronics Letters, vol. 38, no. 21, pp. 1237-1238, October, 2002 DOI

D. Sievenpiper, J. Schaffner, R. Loo, G. Tangonan, S. Ontiveros, R. Harold, "A Tunable Impedance Surface Performing as a Reconfigurable Beam Steering Reflector", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 50, pp. 384-390, March, 2002 DOI

R. F. Broas, D. F. Sievenpiper, E. Yablonovitch, "A High-Impedance Ground Plane Applied to a Cellphone Handset Geometry", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 49, pp. 1262-1265, July, 2001 DOI

D. F. Sievenpiper, H. P. Hsu, J. H. Schaffner, G. Tangonan, R. Garcia, S. Ontiveros, "Low-Profile, Four Sector Diversity Antenna on a High-Impedance Ground Plane", Electronics Letters, vol. 36, no. 16, pp. 1343-1345, August, 2000 DOI

D. F. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, E. Yablonovitch, "High-Impedance Electromagnetic Surfaces with a Forbidden Frequency Band", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 2059-2074, November, 1999 DOI

J. A. Higgins, M. Kim, J. Hacker, D. Sievenpiper, "The Application of Photonic Crystals to Quasi-Optic Amplifiers", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 2139-2143, November, 1999 DOI

D. F. Sievenpiper, E. Yablonovitch; J.N. Winn, S. Fan, P.R. Villeneuve, J.D. Joannopoulos, "3D Metallo-Dielectric Photonic Crystals with Strong Capacitive Coupling Between Metallic Islands", Physical Review Letters, vol. 80, pp. 2829-2832, March, 1998 DOI

D. F. Sievenpiper, C. F. Lam, E. Yablonovitch, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Vertical-Cavity Array for Nonlinear Optical Image Processing", Applied Optics, vol. 37, pp. 2074-2078, April, 1998 DOI

C. F. Lam, R. B. Vrijen, P. P. L. Chang-Chien, D. F. Sievenpiper, E. Yablonovitch, "A Tunable Wavelength Demultiplexer Using Logarithmic Filter Chains", Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 16, pp. 1657-1662, September, 1998 DOI

D. F. Sievenpiper, M. E. Sickmiller, E. Yablonovitch, "3D Wire Mesh Photonic Crystals", Physical Review Letters, vol. 76, pp. 2480-2483, April, 1996 DOI

 

 

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R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Alteration of Electromagnetic Scattering Using Hard and Soft Anisotropic Impedance Surfaces," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol.63, no.10, pp.4593-4599, Oct. 2015 DOI

H. Wakatsuchi, D. Sievenpiper, C. Christopoulos, "Designing Flexible and Versatile Metamaterial Absorbers", IEEE Electromagnetic Compatibility Magazine, vol.5, no.2, pp.76-82, 2016 DOI

F. Gao; F. Zhang; H. Wakatsuchi, D. Sievenpiper, "Synthesis and Design of Programmable Subwavelength Coil Array for Near-Field Manipulation," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol.63, no.9, pp.2971-2982, Sept. 2015 DOI

Z. Luo, X. Chen, J. Long, R. Quarfoth, D. Sievenpiper, "Self-Focusing of Electromagnetic Surface Waves on a Nonlinear Impedance Surface", Applied Physics Letters, 106, 211102, 2015 DOI

H. Wakatsuchi, D. Anzai, J. Rushton, F. Gao, S. Kim, D. Sievenpiper, "Waveform Selectivity at the Same Frequency", Scientific Reports 5, Article 9639, 2015 DOI

R. Quarfoth, Y. Zhou, D. Sievenpiper, "Flexible Patch Antennas Using Patterned Metal Sheets on Silicone", IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14, pp. 1354-1357, 2015 DOI

E. Forati, G. Hanson, D. Sievenpiper, "An epsilon-near-zero total-internal-reflection metamaterial antenna", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 1909-1916, 2015 DOI

M. Li, S. Xiao, D. Sievenpiper, "Polarization-Insensitive Holographic Surfaces with Broadside Radiation", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 12, pp. 5272-5280, December 2016 DOI

M. Jacob, D. Sievenpiper, "Gain and Noise Analysis of Non-Foster Matched Antennas", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 12, pp. 4993-5004, December 2016 DOI

E. Forati, T. Dill, A. Tao, D. Sievenpiper, “Photoemission-based microelectronic devices”, Nature Communications 7, Article number: 13399 (2016) DOI

J. Lee, D. Sievenpiper, "Patterning Technique for Generating Arbitrary Anisotropic Impedance Surfaces", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 4725-4732, December 2016 DOI

Z. Luo, J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "Electrically tunable metasurface absorber based on dissipating behavior of embedded varactors", Applied Physics Letters 109, 071107 (2016) DOI

H. Wakatsuchi, F. Gao, S. Yagitani, and D. Sievenpiper, "Responses of Waveform-Selective Absorbing Metasurfaces to Oblique Waves at the Same Frequency", Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 31371 (2016) DOI

M. Li, S. Xiao, J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "Surface Waveguides Supporting both TM Mode and TE Mode with the Same Phase Velocity", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 3811-3819, Sept. 2016 DOI

J. Long and D. F. Sievenpiper, "Low-Profile and Low-Dispersion Artificial Impedance Surface in the UHF Band Based on Non-Foster Circuit Loading," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 3003-3010, July 2016 DOI

K. Madsen, Y. Zhou, D. Sievenpiper, "A Simplified Low-Q Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antenna", Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1975-1978, December 2016 DOI

S. Kim, H. Wakatsuchi, J. Rushton, D. Sievenpiper, "Switchable Nonlinear Metasurfaces for Absorbing High Power Surface Waves", Applied Physics Letters, 108, 041903 (2016) DOI

E. Forati, D. Sievenpiper, "Experimental study of the interaction between DC discharge microplasmas and CW lasers", Optics Express, Vol. 24, Issue 2, pp. 1495-1506 (2016) DOI

E. Forati, D. Sievenpiper, "Fabrication recipe for nanoscale suspended gold structures such as mushrooms and air bridges used in optical metasurfaces", Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. A61, Feb. 2016 DOI

E. Forati, A. Sabouni, S. Ray, B. Head, C. Schoen, D. Sievenpiper, "Neurotransmitter Specific, Cellular-Resolution Functional Brain Mapping Using Receptor Coated Nanoparticles: Assessment of the Possibility", PLoS ONE 10(12): e0145852 DOI

Y. Li, A. Li, D. Sievenpiper, "Theoretical Design and Analysis of Wideband Active Hard Electromagnetic Surfaces Using Non-Foster Circuit Loaded Anisotropic Metasurfaces", Journal of Physics D 51, 075101 (2018) DOI

Y. Luo, S. Kim, A. Li, and D. Sievenpiper, "Theoretical analysis of nonlinear surface wave absorbing metasurfaces", Optics Express 26(2), 797-810 (2018) DOI

S. Piltan, D. Sievenpiper, "Plasmonic Nano-arrays for Enhanced Photoemission and Photodetection", Journal of the Optical Society of America B 35(2) 208-213 DOI

A. Li, E. Forati, D. Sievenpiper, "Study of the Electric Field Enhancement in Resonant Metasurfaces", Journal of Optics 19, 125104 (2017) DOI

S. Piltan, D. Sievenpiper, "Optical Rectification Using Geometrical Field Enhancement in Gold Nano-Arrays", Journal of Applied Physics 122, 183101 (2017) DOI

J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "The Observation of Dispersionless Superluminal Propagation in a Non-Foster Loaded Waveguide and its Fundamental Limitations", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 66, no 2. pp. 762-773, 2018 DOI

C. Wang, E. Li, D. Sievenpiper, "Surface Wave Coupling and Antenna Properties in Two Dimensions", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 65, no. 10, pp. 5052-5060, 2017 DOI

D. Bisharat, D, Sievenpiper, "Guiding Waves Along an Infinitesimal Line Between Impedance Surfaces", Physical Review Letters 119, 106802 (2017) DOI

M. Jacob, D. Sievenpiper, "Non-Foster Matched Antennas for High-Power Applications", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 4461-4469, 2017 DOI

A. Li, S. Kim, Y. Luo, Y. Li, J. Long, D. Sievenpiper, "High-Power, Transistor-Based Tunable and Switchable Metasurface Absorber", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 65, no. 8, pp. 2810-2818, 2017 DOI

H. Hou, J. Long, J. Wang, D. Sievenpiper, "Reduced Electromagnetic Edge Scattering using Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Impedance Surfaces", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 1193-1201, 2017 DOI


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