It/205 Week 2 Assignment

Unformatted text preview: Running head: INFANT CHILD DEVELOPMENT OBSERVATION Infant Child Development Observation Sasha Shane ECE 205 Introduction to Child Development Jennifer Benoit November 1, 2015 1 INFANT CHILD DEVELOPMENT OBSERVATION 2 Infant Child Development Observation Child development is the dynamic process of acquiring increasingly more complex motor, cognition, communication, social-emotional and self-help skills from the stage of conception through adolescence (Groark, McCarthy & Kirk, 2014). In the video provided by PALS Daycare (2010) I observe three infants and their teacher working on manipulating clothespins to put them in a plastic bottle. The third child that the teacher lets try to do this task has more than one clothespin in his hand and it is making it difficult for him to drop the pins into the bottle. I observe the teacher take away the excess clothespins and leave him with just one. This seems to make it easier for the young boy to take the necessary steps to get the clothespin into the bottle. The teacher is helping the child develop his fine motor skills. While showing him how to put the clothespin—she also tells him what to do, this helps the child to develop better listening and communication skills. After watching the video multiple times I really cannot find any concerns for the childrens development. They all seem to be where they should be. They all seem to be developing at the right pace—however I do not know the exact ages of the children. The third child seems to be a little older than the first two children that the teacher tries to do the activity with. He seems to responding to her verbal queues and is really trying to manipulate the clothespin into the bottle. The early years of childhood—infancy, are all about relationships. Young infants crave security, mobile infants—usually between the ages of 8 and 18 months, like to explore while children from the age of 16-36 months want to work on their identity and know who is in charge (NAEYC). My career goal is to become a early childhood educator, ultimately I would like to INFANT CHILD DEVELOPMENT OBSERVATION 3 teach children within the age range of two to four years old. While teaching such an impressionable age it is vital to use developmentally appropriate practices. An example of using developmentally appropriate practice that I have used recently at the current school that I am working, at involves an 18 month old little girl named Bella. I have started to notice through observation that she is getting curious about using tools such as; pencils, crayons and markers. While I was taking notes on students in the class she came up to me and started to mimic writing on paper like I was doing. I noticed this right away and I offered her a crayon and some paper so that she could take “notes” with me. After a few tries she succeeded in getting the crayon to leave marks on the paper—she got so excited that she squealed! To help foster these fine motor skills that she is unknowingly practicing since that day I have let her have time to use crayons and practice holding them. There are many stages and domains of development, including physical and motor development, social-emotional development, self-help development, cognitive development, and language development. A child in the infancy stage begins to develop in all of these stages. In the motor domain infants are born with “protective reflexes.” Many of these reflexes disappear with the first year of life but some of them remain through life. Some of these reflexes that remain through life are the gag reflex, the blink reflex, the swallowing reflex and the shiver reflex. All three of these reflexes are very important—not only to an infant, but also to us as adults. The gag relex protects us from choking. The blink reflex protects our eyes from potentially harmful particles from entering our eyes. The swallowing is established at birth— without this reflex we would not be able to gain nourishment from foods by swallowing. Lastly the shiver reflex lets others know when we are uncomfortable with the temperature. INFANT CHILD DEVELOPMENT OBSERVATION 4 A newborns skills in the fine and gross motor domains are limited. They have uncoordinated movements of their extremities. An infants motor development follows two patterns—cephalocaudal and procimodistal. Cephalocaudal is how an infants body and muscle control starts from the head and goes down to his legs. A baby gains control of his head, then neck, abdomen, arms and then legs. Proximodistal development is motor development from the center of the body to the outer limbs. An infant must control the center of their body—the upper trunk, before beginning to master other more advanced and refined movements. Cognitive development in infants is based on the five senses. An infant is born with good hearing. They are more responsive to a females voice, by a few months old a child can look and listen and turn his head towards sounds. An infant is able to follow moving objects if they are close enough for them to distinguish them. They are able to focus on black an white patterns, but cannot distinguish all colors. By the second half of the year of an infants life his vision is comparable to that of an adult. Infants are born with the sense of touch but it is not very developed. Infants have a keen sense of smell—they look in the direction of good odors and prefer their mothers smell the best. Infants also prefer the taste of sweets rather than salty or bland tastes. There are two categories of communication: receptive and expressive. Receptive communication includes words, sounds and gestures that an infant understands. Expressive communication is how childs in infancy express themselves. Crying is the earliest forms of infant communication. They also use facial expressions and reaching to communicate. Social-emotional development begins with the infants bonding experience. Social interactions and early relationships also help to foster social-emotional development. Laughing, smiling, showing excitement and anticipation also help to prove that infants have emotions. INFANT CHILD DEVELOPMENT OBSERVATION References Groark, C., McCarthy, S. & Kirk, A. (2014). Early child development: From theory to practice. Bridgepoint Education: San Diego, CA. NAEYC. (n.d.). DAP with infants and toddlers. Retrieved November 1, 2015, from http://www.naeyc.org/dap/infants-and-toddlers PALS Daycare Infant Toys and Games [Video file]. (2010). United States of America. Retrieved November 1, 2015, from https://youtu.be/VfD7vb_i-lk. 5 ...
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Ashford University ACC205 Guidance Report Your Browser Must be Open to Access Video Week Two YELLOW INDICATES ACCOUNT AMOUNTS CHANGED Change Account to: Based Upon Course Start Date Jan-Feb Mar-Apr May-Jun Jul-Aug Sept-Oct Nov-Dec Fish Trip 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 Boat rental 72,000 72,000 78,000 84,000 90,000 96,000 102,000 Ques±ons Cash $57,750 Unearned Fish Trips $57,750 Unearned Fish Trips $49,500 Earned Fish Trips $49,500 $8,250 Balance Sheet Current Liabili±es Prepaid Boat Rental $102,000 Cash $102,000 Boat Rental Expense $4,250 Prepaid Boat Rental $4,250 Income Statement Miguel Gomez, Drawing 2,500 3000 3500 4000 3500 5000 5500 Service Revenue 38,000 39000 40000 41000 47000 49000 50000 Rent Expense 9,000 9500 10000 10500 17000 17500 18000 Service Revenue $50,000 Capital $50,000 LISTEN TO AUDIO/VIDEO EXPLAINING THE GUIDANCE REPORT Exercise/ Problem Account to be changed Original Amount Ch 3 Ex 4 YOUR ANSWERS BASED UPON COURSE START DATE Prepare journal entries to record (1) the collec±on of monies from tourists and (2) the revenue generated during January. Calculate Hawaii-Blue's total obliga±on to tourists at the end of January On what ²nancial statement and in which sec±on would this amount appear? What sec±on of the ²nancial statement would this amount appear? Prepare journal entries to record (1) the payment to Paci²c Yacht Supply and (2) the subsequent adjustment on January 31.

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