- The idea behind unique identification number was to assign each individual a unique 12 digit number which will help to identify the individual uniquely.
- The objective was to attach all the bio-metric and demographic data of an individual with a 12-digit unique identity number called Aadhaar. The bio-metric and demographic data of individual will be stored in a centralized database.
- The act related to Aadhaar was initially introduced as a money bill in the parliament of India on 3rd March 2016.
- The bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on 11th March 2016 and on 26th March 2016, this bill became an Act.
- The process of issuing the unique number and collection, maintenance and updating of bio-metric and demographic data related to each individual is done by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which is a central government agency of India.
- With the issuance of Aadhaar card, India has entered the group of countries which has national identity cards for its native residents.
Reasons for this move:-
- This process of attaching all the legal data of an individual with a unique number is an attempt of India to develop a secure system of identification and have a long term impact.
- First recommendation of any such identity number was after the 1999 Kargil war by the Kargil Review Committee to then Prime Minister of India, for the security and authenticity reasons.
- With the centralized database of each individual it became possible for security agencies to access information of each citizen under certain emergency situation in the interest of national cause.
- By considering the population of India, it was necessary to have such secure identification system for controlling illegal migration and anti-national activities.
- By connecting Aadhaar number with banking system government has created a proper and secure channel through which beneficiaries receive all the subsidies directly to their bank account.
- It has eliminated the role of middleman and agents thus helping the poor and the Indian Economy.
- With the help of UID it became possible to identify the native Indians and illegal migrants and thus helps to ensure that only the Indian citizens and the legal migrants get benefits of government schemes and also employment.
- As all the bio-metric and demographic data of individual is linked to Aadhaar, it helps to identify the families that really belongs to BPL (Below Poverty Level) and hence providing them employment under NREGA (National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) and also easy and prompt payment to the actual workers.
- Another big issue which can be addressed trough UID is real number of voters. Rural to urban migration is highly prevalent in India. Thus they enroll their names in voter list of both places and politicians take ill advantage of such situation. But by implementation of UID it will not be possible for any individual to posses more than one voter identity card.
- Government of India could save 15000 crores till 2016 by linking bank accounts with aadhaar for the LPG cylinder subsidies.
- Aadhaar based bio-metric attendance will make a good impact in government offices where mostly people try to escape from their work.
- UID will also help indirectly in controlling the corruption.
- For a nation like India with such a large population, it becomes matter of security risk to handle such a large data of individual associated with their UID.
- No proper provision of law and punishment if any misdeed occurs such as the leakage of personal information of citizens.
- Assigning UID to such a huge population with authenticity is also a big challenge as no prior documents asked for it.
- Providing all the information associated with Aadhaar and creating awareness in the public is also a matter of concern.
UID for every Indian is a very good system for eliminating agents and commission culture from India. It will help the poor to get their benefits directly to their accounts. It will also help in eliminating the illegal migrants from India and thus controlling the anti-national activities. But the implementation and execution must be done in a proper and prompt manner. And there must some guidelines related to risks associated with the system.
Afterwords :- What are your thoughts on this topic? Express your opinion in the comment section below.
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Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identification number issued by the Indian government to every individual resident of India. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UDAI), which functions under the Planning Commission of India, is responsible for managing Aadhaar numbers and Aadhaar identification cards.
The Aadhaar project was initiated as an attempt towards having a single, unique identification document or number that would capture all the details, including demographic and biometric information, of every resident Indian individual. Currently there are a plethora of identity documents in India including passports, permanent account numbers (PANs), driving licenses and ration cards. The Aadhaar card / UID will not replace these identification documents but can be used as the sole identification proof when applying for other things. It will also serve as the basis for Know Your Customer (KYC) norms used by banks, financial institutions, telecom firms and other businesses that maintain customer profiles. Aadhaar numbers will eventually serve as the basis for a database with which disadvantaged Indian residents can access services that have been denied to them due to lack of identification documents.
A resident Indian can apply for the Aadhaar number and card by submitting the existing proof of identity (passport, PAN card, driving license, etc.) and proof of address (phone/ power bill, bank statements, etc.) and by undergoing biometric profiling (fingerprints and iris scan) at any Aadhaar center.